Technology Insights in Trucking Industry
ELD Enforcement Contributes to Rising Freight Rates
Electronic logging device (ELD) enforcement has contributed to rapidly growing freight rates, according to a report from transportation information firm DAT Solutions. The firm found that 3 percent of surveyed truckers planned to retire instead of complying with the ELD rule, which was a large factor in a 7 percent drop in year-over-year trucking capacity.
Although the ELD rule came into effect at the end of 2017, the Department of Transportation only began enforcement of the rule on April 1, 2018. ELDs automatically track a driver’s compliance with federal hours-of-service limits, and drivers who don’t use the devices must stop driving until one is installed.
While freight rates in April are generally lower following the end of the first quarter, DAT Solutions’ report found that rates have increased as motor carriers struggle to account for a shortage of skilled drivers.
New Technology May Replace Mirrors With Camera-based Systems
Although sideview mirrors allow drivers to stay aware of surrounding traffic, the large devices offer limited viewing angles and create drag that lowers fuel economy. As a result, some technology companies are advocating for the use of camera-based systems to improve safety and lower operating costs.
Prototype camera systems feature multiple, internally wired cameras that provide drivers with multiple views of adjacent lanes, the blind spot in front of a truck’s hood and the ground on each side of the vehicle. The cameras themselves also include a number of safety features including:
- Redundant systems to reduce the chances of a malfunction
- Low-light visibility options
- Heated glass to prevent the buildup of ice and frost
- Special coatings that resist rain and moisture
Camera systems can improve a heavy-duty truck’s fuel economy by approximately 2.5 percent and lead to over $1,300 in annual fuel savings. The systems can also lead to savings by reducing crashes, as traditional mirrors are limited by large blind spots, glares, night visibility and adverse weather.
The FMCSA is currently accepting public comments on an exemption for the MirrorEye camera system, which has been used in Europe since 2016. For more information, visit the FMCSA’s notice in the Federal Register.
Download the ELD Toolkit for more information about the ELD final rule. This toolkit includes several resources published by the FMCSA to help carriers and drivers with the implementation of this rule.